Located in Wiltshire, England, Stonehenge’s most notable feature is, of course, its standing stones. While ancient standing stones aren’t unique to England or even just Europe, Stonehenge remains the most famous and iconic example of the megalithic structures due to its size, layout, abundance of stones, and the mysteries surrounding its purpose, creation, and history.
The monument was built in various stages, spanning thousands of years. The earliest work — the construction of Stonehenge’s outer bank and ditch — was done around 3000 BC, but the site held significance to ancient peoples much earlier than that. In around 8000 BC, a number of large postholes were dug and placed around the area, which may or may not have held ritual significance.
While it’s impossible to say with any certainty what the holes or the ditch were meant for, archaeologists have discovered that, eventually, they began to serve a funerary purpose, as researchers have discovered countless bones and cremains in the area.